KOMPAS.com – Russia is the largest country in the world with a total area of 17.13 million square kilometers.
The area is equal to twice the area of Canada which is the second largest country in the world.
Russia was an independent country after the dissolution of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics or known as the Soviet Union in December 1991.
Reported from BritannicaSunday (27/2/2022), this country spans the entire North Asian region and the eastern third of Europe.
Because of its vast territory, Russia has 11 different time zone calculations, a variety of environments and landscapes, ranging from deserts, semiarid steppes to dense forests.
The country is also home to the world’s deepest lake, Lake Baikal and the country with the lowest recorded temperatures in the world apart from the North Pole and South Pole.
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To the north and east, Russia is bounded by the Arctic and Pacific Oceans. Meanwhile, a small part of the northwest or to be precise in St. Petersburg, Russia borders the Baltic Sea, Poland and Lithuania.
To the south, Russia is bordered by North Korea, China, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and Georgia.
While in the southwest and west, the country is bordered by Ukraine, Belarus, Latvia, Estonia, Finland and Norway.
In detail, the east-west boundary of Russia reaches up to 9,000 kilometers and the north-south width is about 4,000 kilometers.
Furthermore, based on its geological structure and relief, Russia is divided into two main parts, namely west and east. Its length is estimated to be equal to the line of the Yenisei River.
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The western part of Russia, which occupies about two-fifths of the country’s total area, features lowlands that dominate a large area and are limited only by lowlands and highlands.
In the east, most of the terrain is mountainous, although there are some extensive lowlands.
Due to these topological factors, Russia is further divided into six main relief areas, including the Kola-Karelian region, the Russian Plain, the Ural Mountains, the West Siberian Plain, the Central Siberian Plateau and the mountains in the south and east.
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